Concretization and Sentence Learning

TitleConcretization and Sentence Learning
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1974
AuthorsAnderson, R. C.
JournalJournal of Educational Psychology
Date PublishedApril
ISBN Number1939-2176
KeywordsAbstraction, college students, Human, Recall Learning, redundantly vs concretely modified sentences, sentence learning recall, Sentences

Constructed 1-3 word modifiers that were judged to have the effect of making the subject noun phrase in each of a series of sentences more denotatively specific. In Exp I with 47 undergraduates, Ss who received sentences containing concrete modifiers recalled significantly more words than those who received unmodified sentences, provided that the modifier was part of the retrieval cue. In Exp II with 28 undergraduates, Ss who were exposed to concretely modified sentences recalled significantly more words than Ss who had seen redundantly modified sentences. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved)